Just 30 minutes of exercise every morning may be as effective as medication at lowering blood pressure for the rest of the day. A study found that a short burst of treadmill walking each morning had long-lasting effects, and there were further benefits from additional short walks later in the day.
In experiments, 35 women and 32 men aged 55 to 80 followed three different daily plans, in a random order, with at least six days between each one.
The first plan consisted of uninterrupted sitting for eight hours, while the second consisted of one hour of sitting before 30 minutes of walking on a treadmill at moderate intensity, followed by 6.5 hours of sitting down. The final plan was one hour of sitting before 30 minutes of treadmill walking, followed by 6.5 hours of sitting which was interrupted every 30 minutes with three minutes of walking at a light intensity.
The study was conducted in a laboratory to standardise the results, and men and women ate the same meals the evening before the study and during the day.
Michael Wheeler at the University of Western Australia in Perth and colleagues found that blood pressure was lower in men and women who took part in the exercise plans, compared with when they did not exercise.
The effect was especially seen with systolic blood pressure, which measures pressure in blood vessels when the heart beats and is a stronger predictor of heart problems such as heart attacks than diastolic blood pressure, which measures the pressure in blood vessels when the heart rests between beats.
Women also saw extra benefits if they added in the short three-minute walks throughout the day, although the effect was less for men.
The team say they do not know why there was a gender difference, but think it may due to varying adrenaline responses to exercise and the fact that all women in the study were post-menopausal and therefore at higher risk of cardiovascular disease.
“For both men and women, the magnitude of reduction in average systolic blood pressure following exercise and breaks in sitting approached what might be expected from anti-hypertensive medication in this population to reduce the risk of death from heart disease and stroke,” says Wheeler.
The study supports a huge body of evidence that shows regular physical activity can help towards lowering your blood pressure and help reduce your risk of heart attacks and strokes, says Chris Allen at the British Heart Foundation. “It can also give both your body and mind a boost, which is why 30 minutes of activity in the morning is a great way to set yourself up for the day,” he says.
Journal reference: Hypertension, DOI: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.118.12373
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